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Agro Climatic Zone

TABLE- AGRO-ECOLOGICAL ZONES OF HIMACHAL PRADESH

Zone

Area in Sq km[% of Total area]

Elevation(M)

Mean Annual temprature[C]

Soil type

Rainfall[mm]

Important crops

Sub Tropical Sub Montane & Low Hills

Zone 1.1

8201[14.73%]

240-1000

15 to 23

Sandy loams (Light Textured, Shallow)

≤ 1500

Wheat, Maize, Paddy, Pulses, Oilseeds, barley, Sugarcane, Potato, Watermelon & Vegetables

Zone 1.2

2059[3.70%]

240-1000

18.6 - 21.9

Loamy sand(medium in depth)

>1500

Wheat, paddy, Mize, Seed pot, Pulses, Oil seeds.

Sub humid Mid hills

Zone 2.1

3770[6.77%]

1001-1500

14.2 - 22.1

Sandy Loam- Clay loam ( Acidic)

≤ 1500

Wheat, Paddy, Barley, Pulses, Oil seed, Off season vegetables.

Zone 2.2

894[1.60%]

1001-1500

16.53 - 21.25

Silt Loam- Loam

> 1500

Wheat, Paddy, Barley, Pulses, Oil seed, Off season vegetables in some parts

Wet temperate high hills

Zone 3.1

8207[14.74%]

1501-2500

9.1 - 20.6

Mainly Loamy shallow, acidic

≤ 1500

Wheat, Barley, Maize, Millets, Pulses, Oilseeds.

Zone 3.2

1010[1.81%]

1501-3250

15.4 - 20.5

Sandy Loams shallow to Medium depth.

> 1500

Maize, Wheat, Pulses, Oilseeds.

Dry temperate high hills

Zone 4.1

4616[8.29%]

2501- 3250

9 - 20

Sandy Loams (Shallow in depth )

< 700( Dry)

Wheat, Potato, Barley, Buckwheat, Peas Minor Millets, Kuth & Temperate Vegetables, Hops, Cumin & Saffron.

Zone 4.2

7003[12.58 %]

3251- 4250

8.8 – 19.9

Sandy Loams( Shallow )

Dry/ snow

Quality Potato seeds, Temperate & European type vegetables, Barley, Buckwheat.

Zone 4.3

19890[35.74%]

> 4250

8.7- 19.7

Sands & Pebbles( Loose Textured)

Dry/ Snow

Buck wheat, Barley, Minor millets & Kala Zeera.

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Visitor No.: 03670919   Last Updated: 13 Jan 2016