3) WORK PLAN FOR ACCELERATED GROWTH OF AGRICULTURE: The Government of India has launched this programme during the year 2000-2001 on 90% Centre share and 10% State share basis. In this, States have to identify this constraints and purpose schemes for funding through Work Plan. Flexibility has also been given to State Level Coordination Committee to make changes in allocation, if required from one scheme to other. For the year 2008-2009, Work Plan of Rs.1263.25 lacs has been prepared and approved by Government of India.
4) PROMOTION AND STRENGTHENING OF AGRICULTURAL MECHNIZATION THROUGH TRAINING, TESTING AND DEMONSTRATION: This scheme was launched in the year 2003-2004. Under this scheme, the demonstrations of newly developed Agricultural Equipments are being conducted in the farmer's field every year. During2007-2008, a sum of Rs.10.00 lacs has been released by the Government of India for conducting 858 No's demonstrations of newly developed agricultural equipmentslike rotavator, multicrop planter, zero till seed-cum-fertilizer drill, power tiller operated till plant machine, self propelled reaper, vegetable transplanter, manual seed drill and grain cleaner etc., which have been incurred for these activities.The outlay under this scheme amounting to Rs.22.00 lacs has been proposed for the year 2008-2009.
5) RESTRUCTURED SCHEME FOR DEVELOPMENT AND STRENGTHENING OF INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES FOR PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF QUALITY SEEDS: Under this scheme the Department of Agriculture started strengthening of Seed Testing Laboratories, Palampur, Solan and established a new Seed Testing Laboratory at Mandi, beside this four training camps for creating awarness amongst the farmers for the implementation of Seed Control Order, 1983 were organised.
6) SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME: Major constraint in increasing production and productivity of crops noted is the lack of sufficient quantities of quality seed of improved varirties to be made available to the farmers in time. To overcome this constraint, Government of India has started a noval programme known as "Seed Village Programme" by which sufficient seed multiplication can be achieved in order to meet local seed requirement besides facilitating supply of seeds at reasonable cost and ensuring quick multiplication of new varieties in a shorter time. Under this programme, areas of better seed production will be identified and a compact area approach will be followed. 50 to 150 suitable responding/ willing farmers for the same crops will be identified/ selected preferably in compact area/ cluster approach. Foundation/ certified seed at 50% cost will be made available to these identified farmers. The seeds for half an acre per farmer will be allowed. Training on seed production and seed technology will be imparted to the idetified farmers for the seed crops grown in the seed villages. Besides this, assistance @ 33% on seed storage bins of 2.1quintal capacity is also available.
7) RASHTRIYA KRISHI VIKAS YOJNA (R.K.V.Y): Concerned by the slow growth in Agriculture and allied sectors, the Government of India has launched Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY) during 2007-2008. The RKVY aims at achieving 4% annual growth in the agriculture sector during the XIth Plan period, by ensuring a holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors. The main objectives of the scheme are as under;
(i) To incentivise the states as so as to increase public investment in agriculture and allied sectors.
(ii) To provides flexibility and autonomy to states in the process of planning and executing agriculture and allied sector schemes.
(iii) To ensure the preparation of agriculture plans for the districts and the states based on agro-climatic conditions, availability of technology and natural resources.
(iv) To maximize returns to the farmers in agriculture and allied sectors.
(v) To bring about quantifiable changes in the production and productivity of various components in agriculture and allied sectors by addressing them in a holistic manner.
This schemes has been comensed during the year 2007-2008 and an amount of Rs.8.82 crores has been spent by Agriculture Department against the outlay of Rs.8.85 crores. During the financial year 2008-2009, an amount of Rs.16.29 crores has been proposed under this scheme.
8) KISAN CALL CENTER: Under this scheme, farmers can get any information on agriculture by dailing toll free number 1800-180-1551 or 1551. The service is available from 6.00 A.M. to 10.00 P.M. on all days.
9) FARM WOMEN EMPOWERMENT: The Department of Agriculture has taken up Farm Women Empowerment Programme in a big way in 73 blocks of the State covering 11,800 women farmers. 8 women groups have been constituted in each block. The objectives of the programme are; assessment of needs of women farmers, prioritization of activities, providing package of technical training to women farmers in agriculture and allied areas, to provide organisation and funational support to women groups to make them Self Help Thrift Groups, to develop their managerial, organizational, entrepreneurial and decision making skills so as to enable them to develop them into a viable unit to start their own economic activities. These women groups are also being exposed to various parts of the State and Country. Now, the Government closed this scheme in December, 2005 and new concept of Gender Budgeting is introduced by the Government from the financial year 2006-2007 under which 30% of the budget is to be spent on Women specific programmes.
10) SUPPORT TO STATE EXTENSION PROGRAMMES FOR EXTENSION REFORMS: This programme is a major initiative towards revitalizing agricultural extension to make the extension system decentralized and demand driven. The scheme has been conceptualized on the basis of the policy framework for agricultural extension and experiences with the innovations in the technology dissemination component of the National Technology Project implemented in the 7 States including Himachal Pradesh. Following key reforms are being promoted under the scheme;
(i) Providing innovative restructured autonomous bodies at the district level (ATMA) and at block level (FAC, BTT), which are flexible, promote bottom up and participatory approachs, are farmer driven and facilitate public-private partnership.
(ii) Convergence of line departments programmes and operating on gap filling mode by formulating SREP and Annual Work Plans.
(iii) Encouraging Multi-agency Extension Strategies involving inter-alia public/ private extension service providers.
(iv) Moving towards integrated, broad-based extension delivery in the line with farming systems approach.
(v) Adopting Group approach to extension (operating through FIGs & SHGs).
(vi) Addressing gender concerns (mobilizing farm women into groups, capacity building etc.)
(vii) Moving towards sustainability of extension services (e.g. through beneficiary contribution).
During 2007-2008, an expenditure of Rs.414.17 lacs has been incurred against approved outlay of Rs.414.17 lacs and proposed outlay for 2008-2009 is Rs.441.67 lacs including 10% State Share. This scheme has been extended to all the 12 Districts of the State.
11) MASS MEDIA SUPPORT TO AGRICULTURE EXTENSION: The primary objective of the scheme is to use television and radio with their massive penetration, as a vehicle for agricultural extension. Basically, the scheme is focusing on two initiatives;
(a) Doordarshan: The first is use of Doordarshan for infrastructure for providing agricultural related information and knowledge to farming community. It has two components (i) Narrowcasting using high/ low transmitters of Doordarshan (ii) Regional and National Agricultural Programmes in terrestrial mode of transmission. Presently, Doordarshan Shimla is telecasting Krishi Darshan Programme between 6.00 P.M. to 6.30 P.M. five days in a week.
(b) All India Radio: This component of scheme envisages use of FM transmitters of AIR to broadcast area specific agricultural programmes with 30 minutes radio transmission six days a week. Presently, half an hour, Krishivani programme is being broadcasted, six days a week from FM Dharamshala and Hamirpur.
12) NATIONAL PROJECT ON ORGANIC FARMING: Organic agriculture on one hand, is expected to provide sustainability, while on other hand, it will help in increasing the income of the farmers. Government of India has launched a National Project on Agriculture in order to promote organic farming. Under this project, financial assistance is being provided for setting up of Model Farms, training of farmers and demonstration units. For 2006-2007, Government of India has released Rs.25.90 lacs against which the expenditure amounting to Rs.10.90 lacs have been incurred. During the year 2007-2008, an amount of Rs.45.58 lacs including previous years unspent balance amounting to Rs.15.00 lacs have been incurred. The proposed outlay for the year 2008-2009 is Rs.66.39 lacs. For promoting organic farming further a project has been taken up in Shimla District in collaboration with Morarka Foundation and District Rural Development Agency, Shimla. Under the scheme, 48 clusters consisting of 5800 farmers have been registered. The Department of Agriculture is providing assistance @ Rs.1500 per farmer. This assistance would be provided in three years for documentation, data base management, training and capacity building, organic certification, linkage and value addition. Besides this, training of farmers regarding organic farming is also organised. One Cert Asia Agriulture Certification Pvt. Ltd., Jaipur has been engaged for the certification of organic produce. After the certification, this company will explore the market for this produce by making agreement with the interested companies. This programme of organic farming promotion has been extended to other districts by involving local NGOs/ KVKs in the districts for promotion of organic farming and registration of farmers. During 2008-2009, 10 cluster consisting of 2,000 farmers are to be registered and 1,600 farmers would be certified.
1) Tea Plantation:
Management of tea factories and tea gardens.
2) Food Processing:
Maize is are important crop where surplus is available for processing.
3) Seed Production:
The temperate climate of the State is quite Suitable for production of disease free seed. The Government is encouraging private sector participation for exploitation of vast seed production potential.Processing industries of Ginger, Potato and Vegetables in valley areas has a great scope.