Pulses play an important role in the food and farming economy of our country. Considering their limited input requirements, soil-enriching properties and suitability for growing in areas where moisture is limited, pulses occupy an unique place in our agriculture system. In Himachal Pradesh, Rabi pulses (except gram) are grown in an area of 6.2 thousand hectares with a total production of 3.1 thousand tonnes 1997-98. The average yield is very low i.e. 5.8 q/ha.
The important reasons of such low yields are :
(i) non-availability of high yielding disease resistant varieties,
(ii) growing of pulses under deficit moisture and poor management practices in marginal soils,
(iii) lack of use of any fertilizer or rhizobium culture and
(iv) lack of adoption of plant protection measures.
It is the major Rabi pulse crop of the State. During the year 1997-98 gram occupied an area of 2.1 thousand hectares with a production of 1.7 thousand tonnes with average production of 8.1 q/ha.