Four to six ploughings to obtain good tilth are required. First ploughing should be done with furrow turning plough and each ploughing be followed with planking.
The seed should be free from red rot, wilt, smut, ratoon stunting and grassy shoot diseases. Use only top two-third portion of the selected canes for seed.
Use 50,000 three-budded setts for planting an hectare of area
To improve germination, dip the cane setts in 0.5 per cent solution of Agallol (3%) or 0.25 per cent solution of Aretan (6%) or Tefasan (6%) before planting, i.e. 1.250 kg Agallol or 625 g Aretan or Tefasan in 250 L water to treat cane seed for one hectare.