80 kg N and 60 kg P2O5 per hectare are recommended to obtain good yield. 1/2 N and full P and K should be applied at sowing time and the remaining 1/2 N as for maize.
In maize fodder, attack of shoot fly start just after germination. It lays white eggs on lower side of leaves. After hatching, it enters the central shoot and starts damaging the primary roots as a result of which plants get dried. For control, spray 750 ml endosulfan (Thiodan 35 EC) in 500 L water/ha. Maize fodder should not be fed to cattle for alteast 3 weeks.