Farm yard manure should be added in October-November and ploughed in, particularly on the slopy lands. The fields should be ploughed twice again in April before sowing to prepare a fine seed bed with optimum moisture.
Sowing and seed rate
The optimum sowing time is the first fortnight of May in Lahaul and Pangi and first fortnight of April in Kinnaur district. The recommended seed rate is 120 kg per hectare. The row to row spacing should be 25 cm. On slopy fields, the rows should run across the slope to check soil erosion by irrigation water.