Preparation of land
Two to three ploughings are necessary fgr preparing a good seed bed. Well rotten farm yard manure @ 300 quintals per hectare should be added and mixed in the soil before sowing.
The appropriate time is first week of May. However, it can be sown upto the third week of May depending upon the weather conditions. In low altitude areas and in marginal lands, sowing can be done upto third week of June.
Method of sowing, spacing and seed rate
The appropriate method of sowing is by kera in lines at a distance of 25 cm from row to row. Thinning should be done after about three weeks of germination to maintain a distance of 10 cm from plant to plant. 18 kg seed per hectare is recommended to get optimum plant population.